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How To Make Gluten Free Bread?

30 December 2023

Unlock the secrets of baking delightful gluten-free bread, surpassing store-bought varieties in flavor and texture, through the right flour blends, baking techniques, and oven setups.

Guide To Baking Gluten - Free BreadPhoto By Canva

Key Takeaways

  • Flour blend is key in gluten-free bread baking, using combinations like brown rice, sorghum, chickpea, and tapioca flours with xanthan gum for elasticity.
  • Proper techniques include a moist dough, pre-mixing for absorption, longer fermentation, and gentle handling.
  • Experiment with flavors like herbed focaccia or sun-dried tomato pesto swirl.
  • Troubleshoot issues like dense or crumbly loaves by adjusting hydration, xanthan gum, or fermentation time.
  • Choose between instant and active dry yeast based on convenience, flavor preference, and fermentation time.
  • Oven setup matters: preheat thoroughly, create steam for humidity, use a baking stone for even heat, and check internal bread temperature for doneness.

Embarking on a gluten-free journey no longer means settling for subpar bread. This guide reveals how to bake gluten-free bread that's rich in flavor and texture, rivaling traditional loaves and surpassing store-bought alternatives.

Unleashing the Flour Power

At the heart of gluten-free baking lies the flour blend. Here are the different types of flours you can use to make gluten-free bread:

  • Brown Rice Flour: Provides texture and stability.
  • Sorghum Flour: Adds a slightly sweet, corn-like flavor and contributes to rise.
  • Chickpea Flour: Binds ingredients and creates a springy texture.
  • Tapioca Flour: Brings lightness and helps prevent dryness.
  • Xanthan Gum: This magical ingredient mimics gluten's elasticity, keeping your bread from crumbling.

Mastering the Techniques:

Gluten-Free Bread LoafPhoto By Canva

Beyond the perfect flour blend, mastering a few techniques will elevate your gluten-free bread:

  • Gluten-free flours absorb more liquid than their gluten-containing counterparts. Start with a moist dough and adjust as needed for a smooth, workable texture.
  • This pre-mixing step allows the flours to absorb water fully, resulting in a more cohesive dough and improved crumb.
  • Give your dough time to rise! Gluten-free doughs benefit from longer fermentation times, developing depth of flavor and a more airy texture.
  • Gently handle your dough to avoid deflating it. Wet hands or a bench scraper can be your allies in shaping beautiful loaves.

Recipe Variations

This isn't just about plain white bread! Explore a world of flavor possibilities:

Herbed Focaccia: Infuse your dough with rosemary, thyme, and oregano for a Mediterranean masterpiece.

Sun-Dried Tomato Pesto Swirl: Add vibrant pops of flavor and color with a homemade pesto swirl.

Chocolate Chip Banana Bread: Gluten-free doesn't mean missing out on comfort food classics! Add chocolate chips and mashed bananas for a sweet treat.

Whole Wheat Sandwich Loaf: Use a blend of brown rice and whole wheat flours for a nutritious and flavorful option.


  • Dense Loaf: This could indicate insufficient hydration, overbaking, or insufficient rise time. Adjust liquid content, reduce baking time, or extend fermentation.
  • Crumbly Texture: Likely caused by a lack of xanthan gum or overhandling. Increase xanthan gum slightly or handle the dough more gently.
  • Flat Bread: This could be due to inadequate dough strength or too much liquid. Reduce liquid content or consider adding a stronger flour like tapioca.

Baking Beyond the Basics:

Once you've mastered the basics, explore the exciting world of gluten-free bread baking:

Sourdough Starter Adventures: Craft your own sourdough starter for tangy, flavorful loaves.

Bread Machine Magic: Utilize your bread machine for convenient, hands-off baking.

Gluten-Free Pizza Dough: Conquer pizza night with fluffy, homemade dough.

Instant Yeast vs Active Dry Yeast

When it comes to baking gluten-free bread, choosing the right yeast can make a significant difference in your final loaf. Both instant and active dry yeast have their pros and cons for gluten-free bakers, so let's delve into the nitty-gritty:

Instant Yeast:


  • Convenience: No need for proofing; add directly to dry ingredients.
  • Faster Rise: Can shorten total baking time compared to active dry yeast.
  • More Tolerate: Tolerates slight variations in temperature and water temperature.


  • May Affect Flavor: Some find it imparts a slightly different taste than active dry yeast.
  • Potentially Higher Cost: Typically more expensive than active dry yeast.

Active Dry Yeast:


  • Familiar and Affordable: Most common type of yeast, often readily available and inexpensive.
  • Neutral Flavor: Doesn't significantly impact the bread's taste.
  • Longer Fermentation: Leads to more complex flavor development in the bread.


  • Requires Proofing: Needs to be activated in warm water with sugar before adding to dough.
  • Slower Rise: Takes longer for the dough to rise compared to instant yeast.
  • More Sensitive: More susceptible to variations in temperature and water temperature, which can affect the rise.

Which One Is Better For Gluten-Free Bread?

It depends! Both yeasts can yield delicious results, but here's a quick guide:

Choose instant yeast: If you're a beginner, value convenience, or prefer a faster rise time.

Choose active dry yeast: If you prefer a neutral flavor, want more complex flavor development, or are used to baking with it.

Bonus Tips For Gluten-Free Bakers:

  • Regardless of yeast choice, ensure warm water and optimal temperatures for successful rises.
  • Use a flour blend specifically formulated for gluten-free bread baking.
  • Consider adding xanthan gum for better dough structure and elasticity.
  • Be patient and adjust baking times according to your oven and dough consistency.

Remember, practice makes perfect! Experiment with both yeasts and find what works best for your gluten-free bread baking journey.

Guide To Baking Gluten-Free Bread

Gluten Free BreadPhoto By Canva

Oven Set-Up

When it comes to gluten-free bread, achieving that perfect rise and crust can feel like a magical trick. But fear not, bakers! The secret often lies not in the recipe itself, but in how you set up your oven. Here are some key tips to transform your gluten-free loaves from dense to delightful:

Preheating Power

Preheat your oven at least 30 minutes, preferably 45 minutes, before baking. This ensures consistent heat throughout the oven, crucial for even baking and a good rise.

Gluten-free doughs can be sensitive to temperature variations. Use an oven thermometer to verify your oven's actual temperature, as dial settings can be off.

Steam It Up

Gluten-free doughs benefit from a humid environment during baking. Create steam by placing a shallow pan filled with boiling water on the oven floor. Alternatively, spray the oven walls with water mist just before putting the bread in.

Consider baking your bread in a preheated Dutch oven. The trapped steam creates a humid environment and promotes a beautiful crust. Just remember to remove the lid halfway through baking for browning.

Stone Cold Magic

Preheating a baking stone or baking sheet along with your oven promotes even heat distribution and bottom crust formation. Place it on the middle rack for optimal heat transfer.

Bonus Tips:

  • Avoid opening the oven door during the first half of baking, as this can lead to the dough collapsing.
  • Rotate your baking sheet or Dutch oven halfway through baking for even browning.
  • Use an instant-read thermometer to check the internal temperature of your bread. For most gluten-free loaves, aim for an internal temperature of 190 °F (88 °C).

Remember, every oven is unique, so don't be afraid to experiment and adjust these tips to find what works best for your baking setup. With a little care and these oven tweaks, you'll be enjoying fluffy, golden gluten-free bread that rivals its gluten-full counterparts in no time!

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