Different Types of Cheeses
There are more than 2,000 varieties of cheese in the world. Let's take a look at the cheeses, which are indispensable for breakfast, enrich the taste of salads and sauces, and make the moment unforgettable with their magnificent integrity with wine.
Cheese contains vitamins A, B and E. It is rich in phosphorus, calcium and protein. Cheeses can be grouped by type of milk, fat content, texture, curd cheese processing temperature and ripening time. Thus, a wide range of cheese is offered to the consumer. According to the milk type, there is cow cheese, goat cheese, sheep cheese, buffalo cheese and mixed milk cheeses.
Different cheese categories are available, depending on the softness, the amount of water contained, the limited whey drainage, the non-pressing process and the temperature range from 30 to 40°C. Fresh cheese (fresh caprini, tomini, mozzarella and Quark), unshelled cheese (Pannerone), crusted cheese (Caciotte, Italico, special robiole and so on) are some of the different categories.
Another category is moldy cheese, which is characterized by the growth of mushrooms in the paste. The enzymatic effect of this mold, milk or curd inoculation during the manufacturing process, in a short time (2-3 months) provides a high rate of aromatic cheese. Gorgonzola and Roquefort belong to moldy cheeses.
Pressed cheese is pressed to remove curd juice. Such cheeses require a ripening period of from 2 to 6 months, which are small paste or scattered through normal holes. Fontina, Asiago, Bra are cheeses of this type.
Gorgonzola cheese is a blue-molded cheese. One of the most popular Italian cheeses. It is soft at first, and becomes tighter as it matures.
It is a cylindrical cheese with a sweet and aromatic taste and produced only in the Valle d'Aosta. Milk comes from Valdostana, Pezzata Rossa and Pezzata Nera cows. It's a semi-hard cheese.
Roquefort cheese is a sheep's milk cheese from the south of France. It is semi-soft, blue moldy cheese. It tastes rich, creamy, sharp and salty. It is used in salads and sauces.
It is named after a valley called Val Taleggio in Bergamo. The existence of this cheese goes back to old years. It is produced from cow's milk. It is oily and has a soft paste, a thin and soft pink shell, a rectangular shape and a sweet and delicate flavor (the taste is stronger if the ripening is extended).
Mascarpone is an Italian cheese. It is thick and soft in a homogeneous, white color. It has a sweet flavor. It is suitable for sweets. It can be used as cream with fruits and desserts.
It is very soft and carries aromas from summer pastures. It blends nicely with the sweetness of autumn fruits with its strong flavor.
Parmesan cheese is an Italian cheese. It has a sharp odor and hard structure. It has dense particle consistency and small holes. It is the most preferred cheese among Grana cheeses. You can serve it sliced.
Asiago cheese is an Italian cow cheese. The production area consists of 4 regions; Vicenza, Trento, Padova and Treviso. While it has a smooth structure before ripening, it becomes a harder crumbling structure after maturation. It has a shell. It is used in salads, sandwiches, soups, pastas, cheese platters and sauces.
The halloumi contains milk, usually goat's milk, and salt. It is a kind of cheese produced in Cyprus for hundreds of years. Semi-hard, brined cheese. It has a high melting point and can be easily fried or grilled. We highly recommend you to try it grilled.
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