The Fifth Taste: What Is Umami?
What Is Umami? Let’s just say umami flavors make everything tastier. In fact, you already love them, even if you don’t know what they were.
Perhaps you learned the primary flavors in school years ago, but food, like everything else, changes over time. Now we know about a mysterious fifth flavor, and it’s fantastic! Did you know most of your favorite foods are rich in umami?
Learn all there is about umami and the umami flavors in your food. You’ll also learn to cook with umami to make the tastiest, most addictive meals! This is umami 101; yummy!
The Difference Between Flavor and Aroma
To understand umami, one must first understand something that seems obvious, but it isn’t, the difference between flavors and aromas. We can perceive thousands of aromas with our nose and retro nasal cavity, and we use these aromas to describe the taste of food. We say chocolate tastes like chocolate when, in reality, it only smells like chocolate.
There are many aromas, but just a few flavors our taste buds can perceive. The big four are sweet, sour, salty and bitter. Chocolate smells like cacao, but it tastes sweet and a bit bitter.
So, when researchers recognized and named a fifth primary taste in 1985 Japan, everything changed. That’s umami. A fantastic way to describe a typical flavor in most of the food we eat regularly. It comes without saying, umami-rich foods are always amongst everyone’s favorite, and now we know why — we all love umami; it’s in our nature.
Umami is nothing new, though; people have been making the most of this flavor for centuries, even if they didn’t know why. In fact, some of the most typical foods worldwide have umami elements as the most critical ingredients. What is umami? Let’s dig deeper into the fifth primary taste.
What Is Umami?
Umami is a word to describe food and drinks that give the sensation of “deliciousness,” meatiness and savoriness. The term is Japanese, and it’s not easy to translate, but umami roughly means “a pleasant, savory taste.”
Where does umami come from? Although processed food is now often flavored with artificial umami enhancers, like monosodium glutamate (MSG), umami is naturally present in many foods. Our tongues have receptors that perceive these compounds, sending a pleasurable message to our brains, saying, “this tastes good!’
Interestingly, many animals can perceive umami as well, so it proves that we’ve evolved to detect food that’s good for us. Umami is somewhat the opposite of bitterness — bitter food sends a warning sign to our brain; after all, poisonous and unripe food is often bitter!
What does umami taste like? What are all these umami flavors? Let’s explore some ways of describing umami-rich foods. Really, describing what umami tastes like is a bit complicated, but once you get it, you’ll understand it perfectly — you’ll even recognize umami-rich foods by taste alone! This is the best way to approach umami flavors in food, with examples! What does umami taste like?
What Does Umami Taste Like?
When you taste food with umami, you often say, yum!, literally. You salivate and want to have another bite. That’s the receptors in your taste buds telling your brain that what you’re eating is good. Umami is perceived as savory, but the term savory doesn’t tell us much either.
Close your eyes and picture yourself grating Parmesan over a creamy bowl of mushroom pasta. Parmesan is a hard cheese, and it’s pretty salty, but that’s not all; it’s also packed with umami. It tastes good. Mushrooms shouldn’t taste like anything at all — they’re mostly water and nutrients, but they are delicious, and that’s because they’re umami-rich as well. Do you enjoy soy sauce? There’s umami in there too. Actually, most dipping sauces and condiments have umami; that’s why we use these condiments to give flavor to bland food.
Umami-rich foods can be sweet or salty, sour or bitter, and sometimes a combination of these, but they’re always delicious — you don’t know why, but you want more. Can you think of more delicious ingredients? Let’s explore a list of foods rich in umami flavors. We’re pretty sure you’ll recognize most of these ingredients — they’re amongst the most popular foods in the world.
What Foods Are Umami?
- Marmite: This savory spread made with yeast extract has a whopping 1960 milligrams of free glutamate per one hundred grams. It’s amongst the tastiest foods on the planet.
- Soy Sauce: The salty brown sauce can have up to 1700mg of glutamate.
- Parmesan Cheese: This hard cheese has almost as much glutamate as soy sauce.
- Blue Cheese: Incredibly high in glutamates with at least 1280 milligrams per one hundred grams.
- Dried Mushrooms: Shiitake mushrooms have immense flavor depth and around 1000ml of glutamates per portion.
- Oyster Sauce: This sticky brown sauce is sweet and savory, it’s not as umami rich as soy sauce, but it’s a close second!
- Miso: Miso paste is made with fermented soybeans and has glutamates between 200-700 milligrams.
- Green Tea: Surprisingly, you can get up to 670 mg of glutamates from green tea!
- Anchovies: Anchovies and other oily fish have decent amounts of deliciousness.
- Tomatoes: Tomatoes have between 140 and 250 milligrams of glutamates, especially when ripe.
- Clams: Clams have roughly the exact amounts of glutamates as tomatoes.
- Shrimp: Shrimp’s pink flesh is almost addictive, even if it only has 40mg of glutamates.
- Corn: Corn is amongst the veggies with the most glutamates, with around 110mg per cup.
- Potatoes: Potatoes are delicious, we know, and it’s thanks to between 30-100 milligrams of glutamates per one hundred grams.
How To Add Umami to Cooking?
As you can see from the list of umami-rich foods above, cooking with umami is easy, especially if you’re into Asian cuisines. Yes, soy sauce, teriyaki and oyster sauce are fabulously rich in umami, and so are seaweed, shiitake mushrooms and fish broth. Adding tomatoes and mushrooms to your meals is also a great idea, and don’t forget about Parmesan cheese!
You need not work all that hard to cook delicious food. Almost all the food you already eat has umami — there’s a reason you eat what you eat, right? Delicious food doesn’t have to be unhealthy, though; stay away from processed food enriched with MSG and look for natural umami in fresh ingredients. If you’re having trouble eating regularly and lose your appetite often, it’s time to eat more umami-rich foods; they’re irresistible!
When cooking meals for yourself and your loved ones, follow your heart. As long as you use fresh, high-quality ingredients and stay clear from processed food, you’ll instinctively cook healthy and tasty meals. That’s the beauty of it; your brain knows what’s good for you. What are your favorite umami-rich foods?
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